Kamini is a U fuelled, 30 kWt low power research reactor located in the post of the reactor was jointly carried out by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. KAMINI (Kalpakkam Mini reactor) is a Uranium fueled, low power (30 kW) research reactor designed and built jointly by the Bhabha Atomic Research. Kamini (Kalpakkam Mini) reactor is a Uranium fueled, demineralized light water moderated and cooled, beryllium oxide reflected, low power nuclear.
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Provision is available for closed loop servocontrol to operate the reactor at different power levels by adjusting the position of the safety control plate. Demineralized light water is used as moderator, coolant as well reactkr shield. Start up and regulation of the reactor is done by adjusting the positions of two safety control plates made of Cadmium which is sandwiched in Aluminium.
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These modules are assembled to surround the fuel. The reflector consists of modules of Beryllium oxide encased in Zircaloy sheath.
This reactor functions as a neutron source with a flux of n cm-2 s-1 at core centre and facilitates carrying out neutron radiography of radioactive and non-radioactive objects and neutron activation analysis. Facility is available for cooling this water using a heat exchanger to maintain the water temperature at a steady value when the reactor is operated for long durations at higher powers. Cooling of the reactor core is by natural convection with demineralized water serving as a moderator and coolant.
Facilities are also available in the reactor for carrying out radiation physics research, irradiation of larger samples and calibration and testing of neutron detectors.
KAMINI – Africa, Asia and Oceania – Neutron Centres – Neutronsources
One of the purposes for its construction was to examine irradiated fuel pins from the Fast Breeder Test Reactor. Africa, Asia and Oceania Americas Europe. The research reactor is used in neutron radiography of radioactive and non-radioactive objects.
Kxmini location of the reactor in the post irradiation examination facility enables carrying out neutron radiography of spent fuel and other radioactive objects discharged from the neighbouring Fast Breeder Test Reactor without the need to transport radioactive material over long distances. Kamini Kalpakkam Mini reactor is a Uranium fueled, demineralized light water moderated and cooled, beryllium oxide reflected, low power nuclear research reactor reactr in the post irradiation examination facility of Radio Metallurgy Laboratory, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India.
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September 1, Other Name: The reactor’s reflector consists of beryllium oxide encased in zircaloy. Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu Subordinate To: This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Reacotr and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not kamimi independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. The reactor fuel is an alloy of Uranium and Aluminium in the form of flat plates.
The reactlr are assembled in an aluminium casing to form the fuel subassemblies. An online demineralizer plant maintains the water quality so that corrosion rate and radioactivity level in water are low.
Kalpakkam Mini Reactor | Facilities | NTI
Cooling of the reactor core is by natural convection. The reactor first went critical in October and reached full power operation in September These plates are provided with gravity drop mechanism for rapid shutdown of the reactor. IGCAR conducts research on the reprocessing of U from irradiated thorium for the use of U as the primary fuel in Reatcor nuclear program.
Cadmium is used for the rreactor absorber. A waste disposal system is provided for collection and disposal of radioactive effluents when required.