1. The Marxism of Rosa Luxemburg. Class Consciousness. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat. I The Phenomenon of Reification. Georg Lukács made a large contribution to Marxist theory, but especially significant are the series of essays he wrote under the title History and. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat () Proletariat · I. The Phenomenon of Reification › Tags. Georg Lukacs · Marxism.
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Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariatin, Kearney, R. These forms of capital are objectively subordinated, it is true, to the real life-process of capitalism, the extraction of surplus value in the course of production.
It is evident that the whole structure of capitalist production rests on the interaction between a necessity subject to strict laws in all isolated phenomena and the relative irrationality of the total process. Objectively a world of objects and relations between things springs into being the world of commodities and their movements on the market.
Instead of the actual transformation of money into capital, we see here only form without content. The laws governing these objects are indeed gradually discovered by man, but even so they confront him as invisible forces that generate their own power. This finally points towards the ethical dimension of the Ontology.
Through the mimetic imitation of natural processes, humans acquire the ability to represent the salient aspects of the world in a closed and totalizing manner, and they gradually learn to separate such imitations from the necessity of immediate reaction. The relative independence of the artisan or cottage craftsmanof the landowning peasant, the owner of a benefice, the knight and vassal lukzcs based on the fact that he himself owned the tools, supplies, financial resources or weapons with the aid of which he fulfilled his economic, political or military function and from which he lived while this duty was being discharged.
It is limited, however, conscioysness its own formalism.
The true structure of society appears rather in the independent, rationalised and formal partial laws whose links with each other are of necessity purely formal i. In either case the legal system is formally capable of being generalised so as to relate to every possible situation in life and it is susceptible to prediction and calculation.
Later, when war broke out, he served as a political commissar in the Hungarian Red Army in this position, he also ordered the execution of several soldiers, see Kadarkay Therefore, in modern society meaning can only be found within the inner life of the individual and cannot become recognized in the world It is hard not to contrast his situation with that of Leon Trotsky who made not a single concession to Stalinism and was subsequently murdered.
Oppression and an exploitation that knows no bounds and scorns every human dignity were known even to pre-capitalist ages. However, if this atomisation is only an illusion it is a necessary one. Only then does it become a category of society influencing decisively the objective form of things and people in the society thus emerging, their relation to nature and the possible relations of men to each other.
Production, in its entire organisation, aims at the creation of use-values and not of exchange values, and it is only when their supply exceeds the measure of consumption that use-values cease to be use-values, and become means of exchange, i. Neither objectively nor in his relation to his work does man appear as the authentic master of the process; on the contrary, he is a mechanical part incorporated into a mechanical system. The most accessible collection is the incomplete German edition of his works:.
This neglect of the personification of things hampers an explanation for the constitution of reification. Posted on June 5, by HR. In both cases, art turns against life.
This ontology of pure processuality finally entails a normative conception of society that is critical towards all forms of institutional rationalization which are rejected as geeorg of alienation across the board. Economic determinism Historical materialism Marx’s method Philosophy prpletariat nature.
Notes on Lukacs and Reification I. | reificationofpersonsandpersonificationofthings
In consequence of the rationalisation of the work-process the human qualities and idiosyncrasies of the worker appear increasingly as mere sources of error when contrasted with these abstract special laws functioning according to rational predictions. Thus the subject of the exchange is just as abstract, formal and reified as its reificatino.
But it is not enough to raise this standpoint in consciousness alone. That is where barter begins, and from here it strikes back into the interior of the community, decomposing it. In Schmollers jahrbuch,p.
Georg [György] Lukács
In other words, while both art and science overcome the superstition of magic, only art can retain the mimetic dimension of representation. At such times we can see how the immediate continuity between two partial systems is disrupted and their independence from and adventitious connection with each other is suddenly reificayion into reufication consciousness of everyone.
For instance, as soon as the yarn is sold the cycle of the capital-value represented by the yarn may begin anew, regardless of what may next become of the sold yarn. He consciohsness and participated in intellectual circles in Budapest, Berlin where he was influenced by Georg SimmelFlorence and Heidelberg.
It turns out that the contradictions in which the antagonisms of the mechanics of history are expressed are only capable of an objective social solution in practice if the solution is at the same time a new, practically-won consciousness on the part of the proletariat. Only then would it be able to break through the barriers erected by a formalism that has degenerated into a state of complete fragmentation. At the same time, they become commodities only within the limits of being direct use-values distributed at opposite poles, so that the commodities to be exchanged by their possessors must be use-values to both – each commodity to its non-possessor.
By realizing that it is prletariat subject-object of history, the proletariat discovers itself to be the subject of the process of social reproduction see a: But with the difference that not every mental faculty is suppressed by mechanisation; only one conscioussness or complex of faculties is detached from the whole personality and placed in opposition to it, becoming a thing, a commodity. Essayistic writing, however, oof not only writing about form; it also must always examine the conditions under which life can be given a form in the first place.
There are a good few scientists and we see this a lot nowadays who raise an ontological problem over and above their own specialisation; a problem which does indeed confront all human beings in lukzcs.