Learn more about the Gulper eel – with amazing Gulper eel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Eurypharynx pelecanoides is a species of deep-sea marine eel in the family Eupharyngidae with an extraordinarily large expanding mouth, extremely long jaws. Range Description: Eurypharynx pelecanoides is circumglobally distributed in tropical and temperate waters. Recent records include the Gulf of Mexico.

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Share this image — Hide sharing options. Retrieved from ” https: Gulper eels themselves are preyed upon by lancetfish and other deep sea predators.

Caudal fin absent; scales absent; lateral line without pores, instead with groups of elevated tubules. This page was last edited on 12 Novemberat In tropical to temperate waters. Contrary to true eels, gulper eels lack pelvic fins, swim bladders, and eurypharhnx.

Evolution of the deep-sea gulper eel mitochondrial genomes: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Downloaded on 21 September Estimates of some properties based on models Preferred temperature Ref. Te Papa Press Vol. Large-scale gene rearrangements originated within the eels. Please donate to Arkive Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Terms of Use – The displayed portlet may be used as a link from your website to Arkive’s online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only. Phylogenetic diversity index Ref. Pelican eels lack scales and are covered in black velvety skin.


It is also referred to as the pelican eelpelican gulperand umbrella-mouth gulper.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

It is an eel-like fish pelecanoifes the only known member of the genus Eurypharynx and the family Eurypharyngidae. Rodents of Unusual Size. The gulper eel also has a very long, whip-like tail.

They are found in temperate and tropical areas of all oceans and lives in depths from to metres. X Close Link to this photo Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below.

Eurypharynx pelecanoides, Pelican eel

As they mature, the pslecanoides undergo a change that causes enlargement of the olfactory organs, responsible for the sense of smell, and degeneration of the teeth and jaws.

The females, on the other hand, remain relatively unchanged as they mature. The lower jaw is hinged at the base of the head, with no body mass behind it, making the head look disproportionately large. Oviparous, planktonic eggs hatch into planktonic leptocephalus larvae Ref.

Eurypharynx pelecanoides VaillantC. The mouth of the Gulper Eel can open wide enough to swallow long things much larger than pelecanojdes eel itself.


Features Dorsal fin —; Anal fin —; Pectoral fin about 11; Vertebrae — Cite this page as: Moderate to high vulnerability 54 of Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. The pouch-like lower jaw resembles that of a pelicanhence its name.

Egg cells within each of the pelecanoidse have the same developmental stage monocyclic ovaries suggesting only one spawning during its lifetime or periodic spawning Ref.

The Gulper Eel has been found in the temperate and tropical areas of all oceans. A bizarre deep-water eel with an enormous mouth, extremely long jaws, pore-like gill openings and a very expandable pharynx and stomach. The gulper eel Eurypharynx pelecanoides is a deep-sea fish rarely seen by humans, though it is occasionally caught in fishing nets.

Client The Blue Pelecanojdes, Copenhagen.

Pelican eel

This species is sexually dimorphic, with males developing a large, knob-like nasal rosette. Families Cyematidae, Eurypharyngidae and Saccopharyngidae. The gulper eel’s most notable feature is its large mouth, which is much larger than its body. Marine; bathypelagic; depth range – m Ref. Reed New Holland pp.