Informative article about the spice Long Coriander (culantro), its botany, chemistry, history and cross-cultural culinary usage. Culantro (Eryngium foetidum L., Apiaceae) is a biennial herb indigenous to continental Tropical America and the West Indies. Although widely used in dishes . Perennial herbs, cm high, aromatic; roots tuberous; stems dichotomously branched, deeply striate. Leaves simple; lamina ca. x cm.

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Although widely used in dishes throughout the Caribbean, Latin America, and the Far East, culantro is relatively unknown in the United States and many other parts of the world and is foetidu, mistaken and misnamed for its close relative cilantro or coriander Coriandrum sativum L.

Can include ecosystem services. An infusion is used to treat chills, grippe, fevers, head colds, as a children’s purgative. Eryngium foetidum is a tropical perennial herb in the family Apiaceae. Freeze drying of harvested leaves is another alternative being considered to extend postharvest life. Spiny coriander Eryngium foetidum L. Results and Discussion The yields of the leaf, stem and root essential oils of E.

Chemical composition, antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activities of Algerian Eryngium tricuspidatum L.

Eryngium foetidum – Useful Tropical Plants

Anecdotal reports coetidum that the flower heads are attractive to ladybugs, green lacewings, and other beneficial insects. It can also be used for Thai curry pastes see coconutespecially, when coriander roots are not available.

Eryngium foetidum —fitweed Umbelliferae. Find articles by Samuel J. Although used in small quantities, its pungent unique aroma gives the characteristic flavor to the dishes in which it is incorporated and this is responsible for its increasing demand among ethnic populations.


On the other hand, its positional isomer, the 2,3,6-trimethylbenzaldehyde was not detected in the Nigerian oils, but was present as a dominant component The plant forms two types of leaves: Foettidum chemical composition of the stem oil which exhibited the highest DPPH radical scavenging effect reveals a number of oxygenated constituents that were not identified in both leaf and root volatile oils, such as 2,4,6-trimethyl phenol, 2-undecanol, 1-undecanol, 1-dodecanol, E dodecenol and other aliphatic aldehyde compounds.

Publisher Kampong Publications, California. May also be referred to include anatomy. Etymology The derivation of culantro and racaotwo names by which the plant is known in Central America, is not foetidkm to me; the former is maybe just a variant of cilantro see coriander. July,Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. Equally popular is sofrito or recaitothe name given to the mixture of seasonings containing culantro and widely used in rice, stews, and soups Wilson In Asia, it is most popular in the countries of the South East Asian peninsular.

Thomas conceived and designed the experiments; Paul S.

Eryngium foetidum L.: a review.

The leaves are febrifuge, laxative. Although used widely throughout the Caribbean, Latin America, and the Far East, culantro is still mistaken for and erroneously called cilantro.

Like its close relative cilantro, culantro tends to bolt and flower profusely under hot high-light long days of summer months. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Leaves in the flowering branches are small, lanceolate and pointed rosette.


Culantro: A Much Utilized, Little Understood Herb

A guide to the medicinal plants of Trinidad and Tobago. Previous investigation on E. An infusion is used to treat hydropsy and stomach pains. Culantro Eryngium foetidum L. User specific search options User. Ntuk2 and Mohammad I. Foetidim the United StatesE.

India Biodiversity Portal

Author Contributions Emmanuel E. It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others.

Atlas of medicinal plants of middle America. Sofrito is itself the major ingredient in a host of other recipes including eggplant pasta sauce, cilantro garlic butter, cilantro pesto, pineapple salsa, and gazpacho with herb yogurt. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Checklists specific search options Observed during. User Group specific search options Title.

The dose dependent ferric reducing power of E. The plant is boiled and the water used for a herbal bath or as a medication for chicken pox and measles.

One exporter from Trinidad alone packages and air freights up to 2. The strong antioxidant activity exhibited by the E. Characterization and distinction of two erjngium of Eryngium duriaei J. Composition of the leaf oil of Eryngium foetidum L. The leaf margin is serrated, each tooth of the margin containing a small yellow spine. Encyclopedia of Life EOL.