Chapter 7. Seventh Edition. Berger: The Developing Person Through Childhood and Adolescence, 7th Edition, Chapter 7. What does “psychosocial” mean?. Introduction To Development Test 1 > Chapter 7 – First Two Years During infancy, interactions with sensitive, responsive ___ foster psychosocial development. Bowlby’s attachment theory came about by John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth in the ‘s and ‘s. • Bowlby held a strong psychoanalytic.

Author: Sarr Meztigore
Country: Dominica
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Education
Published (Last): 20 May 2013
Pages: 193
PDF File Size: 1.30 Mb
ePub File Size: 15.91 Mb
ISBN: 122-9-67768-872-1
Downloads: 36907
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Meztikasa

On most outcome measures there were no significant differences between the two treatment conditions; both were associated with favorable outcomes. The goals of supportive therapy are to ameliorate symptoms and to maintain, restore, or improve self-esteem, adaptive skills, and ego function.

Change psychowocial about through three curative factors: Many of these approaches have developed from clinical experience, and some are not well researched, if they are researched at all. The therapist has a cohesive psychodynamic formulation of the client but only shares parts of it in a manner intended to foster the client’s adaptive functioning.

Object Relations psychology was first articulated by several British analysts, among them Melanie Klein, W. Dropout rates were high, and overall abstinence in both groups did not appear to differ from that expected from spontaneous remission. Abusing substances is an attempt to flee from such dangerous affects.

Chapter 7 Summary: FL13C16 PSYRKYA General Psychology I

Brief psychodynamic therapy is more appropriate for some types of clients with substance abuse disorders than others. The term “supportive” refers to the techniques aimed at directly maintaining the client’s level of functioning–that is, “supporting” the client.

That is, whatever drugs are most readily available in a person’s community and what his peers and associates are using also have a strong influence on a user’s drug preference.

Luborsky and colleagues are among those who have documented the profound effect that the therapist-client relationship has on the success of treatment, however brief Luborsky et al. However, contemporary psychoanalytic theorists acknowledge that biology plays a role in behaviors related to substance abuse.


Christopher encouraged her to say more. IPT has been evaluated as an adjunctive treatment for a full-service methadone clinic Rounsaville et al. However, in brief psychodynamic therapy this alliance must be established as soon as possible, and therapists conducting this sort of therapy must be able to establish a trusting relationship with their clients in a short time.

The number of sessions varies from one approach to psychoeocial, but brief psychodynamic therapy is typically considered to be no more than 25 sessions Bauer and Kobos, Both types of therapy were offered once a week. This model has a set treatment length of 12 sessions and promotes working through of termination issues.

The therapist fosters this process of integration and understanding by focusing attention, correcting distortions, making linkages, and counteracting defensive avoidance. Khantzian and colleagues developed MGDT to address the characterological underpinnings of substance abuse disorders Khantzian et al.

You need to have JavaScript enabled in order to access this site.

Because of the importance of this approach in the development of modern therapy, the techniques that stem from these theories are inevitably used in any type of psychotherapy, whether or not it is identified as “psychodynamic. While dependent and impulsive, Stella, a year-old cocaine-dependent woman, would be seen under many circumstances as warm and open. Change comes about by bringing to consciousness these past unresolved conflicts through intense emotional experiences, reexperiencing them ppsychosocial a more cognitive pschosocial, and linking them to current symptoms and problematic interpersonal patterns.

The substance abuser relates to the substance in the same maladaptive relationship patterns that she experienced developmentally with the mother. As mentioned above, SE psychotherapy has been modified for use with methadone-maintained opiate dependents and for cocaine dependents. A growing body of research supports the psychosocisl of these approaches Crits-Christoph, ; Messer and Warren, The therapist must pay careful attention to developing a good therapeutic alliance and supporting the client.

Psychodynamic therapy focuses on unconscious processes as they are manifested in the client’s present behavior. Each of the three conditions included, in addition to the individual treatment, a substance abuse counseling group. She would use the cocaine to clear her painful feelings and feel “strong and independent,” then “feel like a big baby for having to use the drugs.


developmeny Analytic concepts are useful here, in that they can psycgosocial said to facilitate the resolution of problems that contribute to emotional distress and to help explore the connection among interpersonal patterns, emotions, and substance abuse. That is, weakness or inadequacies in the ego or self are at the root of the problem.

He appeared to others as weak and ineffectual. These include knowledge of the pharmacology and the intoxication and withdrawal effects of drugs, familiarity with the subculture of substance abuse and with substance-dependent lifestyles, and knowledge of self-help programs. Khantzian put forth the self-medication hypothesis, which essentially states that substance abusers will use substances in an attempt to medicate specific distressing psychiatric symptoms Khantzian, Strategies for dealing with the interpersonal context emerge and are tried by the client psyychosocial.

Was this how Christopher was treating her when he called her physician? It also helps to feel comfortable working with substance abusers and for one’s therapeutic style to express acceptance of and empathy for the client. I’ll find them developmment. Supportive therapy is widely practiced clinically but historically is defined mainly by the absence of expressive or interpretive components of psychoanalytic therapies Pinsker et al.

Social Sciences

Acts of the self toward others Expectations about others’ reactions Acts of others toward the self Acts of the self toward the self introjection. Working with the client’s perceptions of reality rather than arguing Asking questions Sidestepping rather than confronting defenses Demonstrating the denial defense while interacting with the client to show her how it works.

When Christopher psychosocjal that she tell the physician and the group therapist how she felt about the way they had treated her, his words may have given advice, but his communication actually conveyed agreement with Stella’s position that she had been unfairly treated.