: La sindactilia es una condición inusual en la que los dedos de las manos o los pies, o ambos, están unidos debido a factores genéticos. Artigo sobre a Braquidactilia, quais são as causas dessa doença, formas de como a polidactilia, a sindactilia, defeitos de redução ou sinfalangismo. Sindactilia is the most common congenital malformation of limbs with an incidence of 1 in 2, births. Sindactilia can be classified as simple.

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Wednesday, June 1, Sindactilie. Sindactilia is the most common congenital malformation of limbs with an incidence of 1 in 2, births.

Sindactilia can be classified as simple when only involve soft tissue and bone involve complex or when the adjacent finger nail. Sindactilia a common feature of more than 28 syndromes including Poland syndrome, and Holt-Oram Sindactipia.

SINDACTILIA – Definition and synonyms of sindactilia in the Spanish dictionary

Sindactilia is a lack of differentiation in the fingers is not separated into individual appendix. This separation usually occurs during the week of gestation. The term derives from the Casuas word syn which means together and representing dactyly fingers. Sindactilia is a cosmetic condition and does not affect walking, running or manipulate objects.

Appears isolated or associated with several congenital syndromes. It is considered the most common anomaly of the hand and occurs in approximately 1 in 2, births. It is more common in boys and in Caucasians compared to Asians or Africans. From the cameraman and the annular space between the middle finger is most affected, and two interdigital foot space is the most involved. Sindactilia can be treated surgically by separating fingers together.

Braquidactilia – Doenças Genéticas – InfoEscola

Generally the skin is split equally between the two fingers through zigzag incisions and skin grafts will be used to overcome the lack of skin. Grafts are taken from the lower abdomen. Separation procedure is performed skndactilia 6 months and 2 years old.

Separate only one side of the finger to determine the ischemic complications. If more fingers are involved will require more surgery. After surgery tomorrow is put in a cast up by side to protect and immobilize the graft member. After removing gypsum interdigital wear for six weeks apart. To improve the hand function.


Pathogenesis and causes sindactilie Case sindactiliei is no separation of the skin or bone tissue between the ve during development. At the molecular level is the suspected involvement of a protein called sentrina that is produced when cells die. During embryonic development sentrina absence not cause apoptosis of epithelial cells controlled fingers. The condition follows an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance.

Signs and symptoms of sindactilie Sindactilia is a congenital anomaly in which two or more fingers of the hand or feet are fused.

The phenomenon occurs in different degrees of severity which may include sindactilia incomplete, complete and complex. In some cases the disease process includes the bones and nails.

Sindactiliei classification is based on severity of clinical presentation: In simple sindactilia interdigital space between thumb and ring finger three is the area most affected areas followed by four, two and rarely initially. Sindactilia may be an isolated incident or in combination with other anomalies such as polydactyly, cleft his hand, building annular or craniofacial syndromes.

Syndromes associated with sindactilia: Sindactilia symptoms may be associated with other craniofacial syndromes especially syndrome Sintra which Alpert is best known.

Syndrome may be associated with amniotic bands, but etiology sindactiliei sindactilia is different. Aperta or acrocefalosindactilia syndrome is a rare anomaly.

It is defined by facial characteristics and associated sindaxtilia of the upper and lower limbs. Anomalies of the hand are mirror images and are characterized by the following four characteristics: Radial deviation of thumb, a short proximal phalanx as a result of fault Index-sindactilia complex, large and ring fingers Central segments of the finger-simbrahiofalangismul -Sindactilia simple interdigital space between the ring and little finger.

Poland syndrome is a sporadic congenital anomaly characterized by the absence of the tip of sternum large pectoral sindctilia hypoplasia of the breast or nipple, lack of subcutaneous fat and axillary hair. These are associated with abnormalities of the thoracic vausas and ipsilateral upper extremity. The abnormalities consist simfalangism fingers, sindactilie with hypoplasia, or aplasia brahidactilie fingers. Sindactilia found in this syndrome is sindwctilia result of lack of differentiation during embryogenesis.

In this condition your fingers are already formed, and injuries due to constriction bands together forcing them to heal sindactilie postlezionala. Extending damage can be mild with only a rudimentary skin bridge to connect the two fingers. Expansion may be even more severe damage with a complete soft tissue fusion in combination with amputated fingers. Occasionally epithelizant sinuses or fistula can be found proximal to the sindactiliei. Constriction distal fingers are amputated in utero with atrophic or ischemic.


These elements can be isolated or in combination with other building of the arm, leg or face. Sindactilia not released can significantly affect the function sindactiia the hand and fingers. Damage is worse if sindactilia is complex, involving complete or different size fingers as the little finger and ring finger or thumb and index.

Treatment sindactilie Sindactiliei complex treatment is surgical release of the fingers to increase the functionality of the hand. Time of operation is critical because many children require surgery for other abnormalities of the skull, face syndrome associated with middle and orbits Aperta.

Meaning of “sindactilia” in the Spanish dictionary

If there is an incomplete sindactilii minor surgical indication if the only problem is cosmetic appearance. However, a movement that affects the fingers vausas sindactilie require surgical release to increase the functionality of your caksas.

In people with complex sindactilie that are functional but hypoplasia fingers united individual fingers may result in separation of two individual fingers nonfunctionale because one set of tendons and neurovascular pedicle may be present.

Sindactilia time in children may indicate surgical procedures at the age of months. Intervention before that age increases the risk of anesthesia.


Before that age are not required intervention if there are no problems. If you associate a complex sindactilia paronychia occurring, children should wash hands thoroughly with soap and water and will apply a topical antibacterial solution.

Oral antibiotics are needed. Sindactiliei operated complications include: Sindactiliei-appellant as a result of synechiae between the incision edges and thin skin graft incorporation Finger-ischemia can occur if an abnormality is present or if the development of the vasculature is destroyed -Contracture develops along the incision, the incision can cause scarring and stifle articulation of finger. Newer Post Older Post Home.