Geertz C. Agricultural involution: the processes of ecological change in Indonesia . Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, p. Agricultural Involution: the processes of ecological change in Indonesia, Berkeley and Los Angeles, California/London: University of California. Agricultural involution: the process of ecological change in Indonesia. by Geertz, Clifford. Publication date Topics Agriculture, Agricultura, Ecologie.

Author: Yok Nekus
Country: Timor Leste
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Medical
Published (Last): 23 June 2004
Pages: 479
PDF File Size: 15.88 Mb
ePub File Size: 17.98 Mb
ISBN: 735-6-91804-903-9
Downloads: 29512
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mazulrajas

January External links: It principal thesis is that many centuries of intensifying wet-rice cultivation in Indonesia had produced greater social complexity without significant technological or political change, a process Geertz terms “involution”. It then looks at the historical development of Indonesian agriculture, and in particular the process of “agricultural involution”, where the Javanese economy, geeftz with external pressure from the economic demands of the Dutch colonial regime and internal pressure from rapidly increasing population, intensified existing forms of agriculture rather than changing.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Views Read Edit View history.

Agricultural Involution: The Processes of Ecological Change in Indonesia – Wikipedia

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Agricultural Involution is one of the earlier works of a very influential writer: Critics have attacked Geertz’s ideas geerhz a number of places, and some of his conclusions are now considered doubtful.


But this work is still necessary reading for anyone interested in Indonesian agriculture, as well as being a good introduction to the economic history of Indonesia. The Process of Ecological Change in Indonesia. Invollution Approximate Truths and Moral Judgments ” “.

Written for a particular US-funded project on the local developments [1] and following the modernisation theory of Walt Whitman RostowGeertz examines in this book the agricultural system in Indonesia. Sawah is the dominant form in both Java and Bali where nearly three quarters of Indonesia’s population live and swidden more common in the less central regions.

Of particular note is Geertz’s discussion of what he famously describes as the process of “agricultural involution”. This is his description of the process in Java where both the external economic involurion of the Dutch rulers and the internal pressures due to population growth led to intensification rather than change. Swidden is also known as slash and burn and sawah is irrigated rice paddy.

If nothing else, it will be remembered for the coining of the term “agricultural involution”. This involved putting even more labour into paddy field cultivation, increasing per hectare output while maintaining per capita output. Retrieved from ” https: The geographical location of these different types is important.


Late in his career, Geertz reflected that the book had become an “orphan,” widely read and criticized without reference to his larger body of work. Having looked at the agricultural system the book turns to an examination of the systems historical development.

Agricultural involution : the process of ecological change in Indonesia

Geertz’s thesis is that this process was tied up with the development of sugar as a smallholder cash crop complementary with rice production. What this amounted was increasing the labour intensity in the paddies, increasing output per area but not increasing output per head. The two dominant forms agriculttural agriculture are swidden and sawah. This page was last edited on 3 Octoberat