It’s then a simple step to conclude that abstraction is “evil”. Jens Kaasbøll; Abstraction Descant, in Patterns of Software, Richard P. Gabriel. Wikipedia says this about Abstraction: “Abstractions may be formed by See Dick Gabriel’s well-known essay, “Abstraction Descant” or any. Kelly Kunsch, Dough, Re, Me: The Scale of Justice (A Descant for Entering . Fa: Chinese word for positive or written law as an abstraction;16 a model.

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A descantdiscantor discantus is any of several different things in musicdepending on the period in question; etymologically, the word means a voice cantus above or removed from others. A descant is a form of medieval music in which one singer sang a fixed melodyand others accompanied with improvisations.

The word in this sense comes from the term discantus supra librum descant “above the book”and is a form of Gregorian chant in which only the melody is notated but an improvised polyphony is understood.

The discantus supra librum had specific rules governing the improvisation of the additional voices. Later on, the term came to mean the treble or soprano singer in any group of voices, or the higher pitched line in a song. Eventually, by the Renaissancedescant referred generally to counterpoint. Nowadays the counterpoint meaning is the most common. Descant can also refer to the highest pitched of a group of instruments, particularly the descant viol or recorder.

Similarly, it can also be applied to the soprano clef. Descant can also refer to a high, florid melody sung by a few sopranos as a decoration for a hymn.

Hymn tune descants are counter-melodies, generally at a higher pitch than the main melody. Although the English Hymnal of did not include descants, this influential hymnal, whose music editor was Ralph Vaughan Williamsserved as a source of tunes for which the earliest known hymn tune descants were published. These were in collections compiled by Athelstan Rileywho wrote “The effect is thrilling; it gives the curious impression of an ethereal choir joining in the worship below; and those who hear it for the first time often turn and look up at the roof!

Several of their descants appear in what is possibly the earliest hymnal to include descants, Songs of Praise London: Oxford University Press,enlarged,reprinted During the last quarter of the twentieth century, new editions of hymnals increased the number of included descants. For example, the influential Hymnal Episcopal contains no descants, whereas its successor, The Hymnalcontains A descant, discant, or discantus is any of several different things in music, depending on the period in question; etymologically, the word means a voice cantus above or removed from others.

A descant is a form of medieval music in which one singer sang a fixed melody, and others accompanied with improvisations. Eventually, by the Renaissance, descant referred generally to counterpoint. Similarly, it can also be appl Descant — was a quarterly literary magazine that published new and established contemporary writers and visual artists from Canada and around the world, reflecting “a cosmopolitan awareness.

The list of contributors to Descant includes numerous now-famous Canadian authors. The last issue of Descant, No. Necroticism — Descanting the Insalubrious is the third album by British extreme metal band Carcass.

A reading list on Abstraction – The Physics of Software

It was dsecant on October 30, through Earache Records. This album is the first to feature guitarist Michael Amott. Many of the tracks describe economical ways to dispose of dead bodies. Necroticism continues the move towards a predominant death metal sound which was started in Symphonies of Sickness, featuring songs with longer sections and complex structures more akin to the then burgeoning technical death metal subgenre. The album was re-released in as part of an ongoing series of Carcass avstraction, to tie in with their reunion.


Mass Infection, and a minute interview with Walker and Amott fromrecorded on the Gods of Grind tour.

Last verse harmonisation is a technique of hymn accompaniment used by church organists. As the name suggests, this is a practice whereby the last verse of a hymn tune will be accompanied on the organ with an alternative harmony supporting the melody, which remains unchanged. If the congregation is led by a choir, then the choir will usually sing in unison during the last verse, as opposed to in parts usually SATB for the other verses, and the trebles boy sopranos or sopranos or occasionally tenors may sing a descant.

The purpose of last verse harmonisation is to add interest, variation and excitement to a hymn tune. Organists recommend it as a technique which encourages the congregation to sing. More experienced organists with a greater understanding of harmony will usually improvise the last verse, whereas beginners are likely to use harmonisations that have either been included in the hymnal, or published in a collection of harmonisations.

When a descant is sung, the organist must either keep to the o This is a list of characters in the Artemis Fowl novel series by Eoin Colfer. He is a demon who opposed the time-spell at the battle of Taillte, and broke the circle of warlocks as they were performing the spell. In the aftermath, he and Qweffor, an apprentice warlock, merge by lava and magic, and the hybrid is catapulted to the “near past” in France. Abbot retains control of the body, stealing Qweffor’s magic. On Earth, Abbot learns how far humans have advanced from Minerva Paradizo.

Realizing that any attempt to resume war with the humans would lead to certain extinction, Abbot steals a book and a crossbow and resolves to return to Hybras to spend what time the island has left as ruler.

Abbot travels back through time to Hybras at the exact moment that the time-spell is put into effect and takes out the book abstracyion the crossbow, claiming to be the demons’ savior. He uses the magic stolen from Qweffor to mesmerize anyone who cha A Descant for Gossips is a Australian mini series about a school girl who becomes involved with two teachers. Findlay Anne Phelan – Mrs. Lalor Bruce Knappett – Mr.

Jordan Les James – Mr. The French horn since the s known simply as the “horn” in some professional music circles is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell. A musician who plays a Absfraction horn is known as a horn player or hornist. Pitch is controlled through the combination of the following factors: Most horns have lever-operated rotary valves, but some, especially older horns, use piston valves similar to a trumpet’s and the Vienna horn uses double-piston valves, or pumpenvalves.

Descant | Revolvy

The backward-facing orientation of the bell relates to the p This list of Christmas carols is organized by country, language or culture of origin. Originally, a “Christmas carol” referred to a piece of vocal music in carol form whose lyrics centre on the theme of Christmas or the Christmas season.

Many traditional Christmas carols focus on the Christian celebration of the birth of Jesus, while others abstracgion the Twelve Days of Christmas that range from 25 December to 5 or 6 January depending upon the tradition. Nonetheless, some Christmas Carols, both religious and secular, now regarded as Christmas songs abstarction become associated with the Christmas season even though the lyrics may not specifically refer to Christmas — for example, Deck the Halls a paga History Names Apr – Nov Nov – Apr Apr – Dec Dec – Apr Apr — Jul Aug — Present.

Tours Nov – Jan Sep – Apr Apr – Jul Its lyrics had been written by Charles Wesley.

Wesley had requested and received slow and solemn music for his lyrics, not the joyful tune expected today. Moreover, Wesley’s original opening couplet is “Hark! In —a hundred years after the publication of Hymns and Sacred Poems—Mendelssohn composed a cantata to commemorate Johann Gutenberg’s invention of movable type printing, and it is music from this cantata, adapted by the English musician William H.


A three-part soprano recorder in castello or zapatero “boxwood”. Since its finger spacing is relatively small, it is often used in music education for children first learning to play an instrument. Voice The soprano recorder is an octave above the level of bastraction human soprano voice. Its lowest note is c2 this article is notated using Helmholtz notation, in scientific pitch notation the same note is represented as Cthe normal range is c2—d4.

Compositions for soprano recorder are usually notated an octave lower than they sound. Its timbre is similar to the sound of the flue pipes of an organ, which is why some organ stops sound similar to a recorder.

These registers are called then block-flute or forest-flute. Fingerings In addition to the traditional “Baroque” or “English” fingering, Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.

In general definitions of music will include common elements such as pitch which governs melody and harmonyrhythm and its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulationdynamics loudness and softnessand the descqnt qualities of timbre abztraction texture which are sometimes termed the “color” of a musical sound.

Different styles or types of music may emphasize, de-emphasize or omit some of these elements. Music is performed with a vast range of instruments and vocal techniques ranging from singing descnat rapping; there are solely instrumental pieces, solely vocal pieces such as songs without instrumental accompaniment and pieces that combine singing abwtraction instruments.

In its most general form, the activities describing music as an art form or cultural activity include the creation of works of music songs, tunes, symp Alicia Silverstone ; born October 4, [1] is an American actress. She has continued to act in film and television and on stage. The story of the fall of humanity, the promise of the Messiah, and drscant birth of Jesus is ddescant in nine short Bible readings or lessons from Genesis, the prophetic books and the Decsant, interspersed with the singing of Christmas asbtraction, hymns and choir anthems.

History In the Royal Cornwall Gazette reported that the choir of Truro Cathedral would sing a service of carols at The Choir of the Cathedral will sing a number of carols in the Cathedral on Christmas Eve, the service commencing at 10pm.

Abstraction vs Compression

We understand that this is at the wish of many of the leading parishioners and others. A like service has been instituted in other cathedral and large Various recorders second from the bottom disassembled into its three parts The recorder is a woodwind musical instrument of the family which abstractkon the tin whistle.

The recorder is end-blown and the mouth of the instrument is constricted by a wooden plug, known as a block descanh fipple. Recorders can be made out of wood, plastic or ivory. The recorder was revived in the 20th century, partly in the pursuit of historically informed performance of early music, but also because of its suitability as a simple instrument for teaching music.

Today, it is sometimes thought of as a child’s instrument, but there are many Lisa Jane Vanderpump is a British restaurateur, author, actress, and television personality. Early life Lisa Ahstraction was born and raised in London, England.