“Rasa” – a Sanskrit word which suggests ‘juice’ or ‘essence’ and aesthetics, it denotes an essential mantle state when such emotions evokes in. Read Abhigyan Shakuntalam book reviews & author details and more at Amazon .in. Free delivery on Abhijnana-Shakuntalam of Kalidasa. R. ar. In kalidas’s play Abhigyan Shakuntalam, Shakuntala was the foster child of Rishi Kanva. She was as beautiful and untouched as the flora and.

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The original story of Shakuntala originates in Adi Parva of Mahabharata where lineage of Shantanu is being described. Vishwamitra was a warrior king turned sage. In order to become a Bhrahmrishi, he meditated for many years. To test whether he had gained control over his passions, Indra sent Maneka to entice Vishwamitra.

Maneka succeeded in attracting Vishwamitra but she too fell in love with him. They live together for ten years. When she disclosed the pregnancy to Vishwamitra, she also confessed that she was sent by Indra to disturb his penance. Enraged by the betrayal, Vishwamitra abandoned pregnant Maneka. Maneka took refuge in the Hermitage of sage Kanva, who adopted the girl born to her. This girl Shakuntala, grew up to be a beautiful and innocent young woman. One-day King of Kuru clan, Dushyant arrived in the forest for a hunting game.

After a while he returned to Hastinapur.

When he failed to return as promised, Kanva sent Shakuntala with her six years old son to live with Dushyant. Dushyant was ashamed to accept alliance with an Ashram girl and declined to honour the marriage. A celestial prophecy was announced, that the child was destined to be a great king. This child became the next king. This old unromantic story from Mahabharat was transformed into one of the most beautiful plays in classical Sanskrit by the poetic genius of Kalidasa. The original escapade during a hunting expedition, kalidxs Dushyant was so ashamed to acknowledge, was woven into a genuine love story.

She was as beautiful and untouched as the flora and fauna around the Hermitage. He was following a deer that belonged to Shakuntala. The residents of the ashram forbade him from killing her favourite fawn and offered him their hospitality. Among them he then spotted the attractive Shakuntala.


Dushyant was totally smitten by this delicate beauty. In his mind he compared her with a new spring leaf among the fall stricken foliage the rough sages. He extends his stay to get close to her and courts her with zest. Abhiggyan offered her a Gandharva marriage, in absence of relatives from both sides. Shakuntala consented on a condition that he would make their future son the next king. The ashram inmates blessed them both.

By the time Kanva returned Dushyant was ready to leave. He shakyntalam the sage that he would soon arrange for Shakuntala to join him in Hastinapur.

He gave her his signet ring as a memoir. She wandered around lost in her memories of Dushyant and their joyous time together.

One day the short-tempered Rishi Durvasa arrived, Shkuntala was so lost in her thoughts that she never noticed his presence. Angered at her insolence, Durvasa cursed that the one who made her forget her etiquette, would forget her too. Kanva sends pregnant Shakunatala to Hastinapur. Shakuntala was devastated at the thought. She left for Hastinapur. On the way she used a boat to cross a river. Shakuntala reached the court, she reminded the king of their marriage.

Dushyant under the influence of the curse, refused to recognize her. Shakuntala was heartbroken; she roamed around the city, clueless where to go. Her mother Maneka rescued her, returned her to the hermitage and a son was born to Shakuntala.

Several years passed, one day a fisherman in Hastinapur caught a big fish. The cook rushed the slit fish and the ring to the King. At the sight of the ring Dushyant recalled Shakuntala. He immediately left for the hermitage of Kanva to fetch her.

On reaching the place, he saw a six-year-old boy playing with lion cubs. Dushyant was amazed with his bravery and fearlessness. He inquired whose child was he? To his surprise he was informed it was his own son Bharat.

The couple reunited and returned to Hastinapur abhivyan Bharat. Zhakuntalam descriptions appeal to finer emotions of the readers. Love is elevated from the sphere of physical beauty to the eternal heaven of moral beauty. Shakuntala contains the history of a development — the development of flower into fruit, of earth into heaven, of matter into spirit.



Yet Shakuntala naturally develops into, a devoted wife, leading a life of rigid religious discipline. Freedom and restraint are marvelously blended in her. The consequential joys and sorrows of love find a meeting point in her.

Loyalty was firmly enthroned in her heart, and though for a moment it caused her fall, it also redeemed her forever. The greatest Sanskrit maestro, Kalidas wrote the Abhigyan Shakuntalam nearly 2, years ago. After this, there were at least 46 translations of this play in 12 different European languages. The vivid descriptions of beauty inspired the 19th century painter Raja Ravi Varma, who did a full series of paintings on this play.

8 Facts About Abhigyan Shakuntalam, A Sanskrit Play By Kalidas

The paintings almost bring the settings to life. His artworks have abhighan honored on various forums even postage stamps. It is a little effort to bring together a glimpse into the work of these two great artists on this theme. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email.

Abhigyan Shakuntalam- Kalidas’s Shakuntala in Raja Ravi Varma’s paintings.

Maneka with Vishwamitra Vishwamitra was a warrior king turned sage. Hurt that Maneka was sent by Indra, Vishwamitra refuses to accept the child. Shakuntala and friends at the Kanva hermitage. Dushyant meets Shakuntala for the first time. Shakuntala misses Dushyant- Raja Ravi Varma. Durvasa curses Shakuntala One day the short-tempered Rishi Durvasa arrived, Shkuntala was so lost in her thoughts that she never noticed his presence.

Bharat with Lion cub On reaching the place, he saw a six-year-old boy playing with lion cubs. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Email required Address never made public. This site uses cookies. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use.

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