Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) is defined in DSM-III as a dissociative treatment of a year-old woman who was referred to Thigpen and Cleckley. Study Thigpen & Cleckley – A Case of Multiple Personality flashcards from Esme Wishart’s class online, or in Brainscape’s iPhone or Android app. ✓ Learn faster. J Abnorm Psychol. Jan;49(1) A case of multiple personality. THIGPEN CH, CLECKLEY H. PMID: ; [Indexed for MEDLINE]. MeSH terms.
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However they were puzzled mmultiple Eve White had no memory of a recent trip. During this conversation Eve White, as if in pain suddenly put both hands to her head. In contrast, when Eve Black was not out she was aware of what was happening.
For example, there are many more cases reported in the US than say the UK. Although Thigpen and Cleckley do not point to the cause of MPD, the received wisdom is that MPD is usually a response to child abuse – a way for the individual to protect him or herself. The public did not hear anything else about the case until when Eve revealed that she had approximately 22 personalities some of which she experienced before and some after the therapy. Such research can also be called action research as the researchers involvement is consciously trying to change the persons behaviour.
However, although the therapists could work with Jane to determine whether Eve Black had been lying, Jane had not found a way to displace Eve Black, or to communicate through her. For example, in this case study, the moment that Eve Black appears can be seen in a different way to that described by the therapist.
Having been able to work with the three personalities for several months the therapists concluded that if Jane could take possession of the personalities the patient would regain full health and find her way to a happy life. The letter concerned her therapy and was written in her usual handwriting, qnd at the bottom cleckleh the page there was a paragraph that looked like a child had written it.
To the therapist it seemed that the usually conventional and retiring Eve White had changed into a carefree person. Weaknesses Case studies only relate to one individual and we have to be careful generalising from the findings. There are many ethical issues to consider in this study. We have no way of assessing how typical this individual is of other people with multiple personality tjigpen therefore we have to ask whether this study is unique to Eve or whether we can generalise it to other cases.
It was decided the Jane was the person most likely to bring a solution to the troubled mind, and that her growing dominance over the other personalities to be an appropriate resolution.
Evaluation of Explanation It is possible that the therapists could have been conned by a successful actress. The psychiatrists believed that she had a number of complex, but relatively commonplace marital conflicts and personal frustrations.
A pesonality site full of stuff that should be useful AS Psychology.
A case of multiple personality.
An argument that is gaining popularity is that psychiatrists such as Fase and Cleckley are actually creating multiple personality by unwittingly leading their patients into believing that they have the condition. Eve Black though was regressive whilst Eve White was repressive showing obsessive-compulsive traits, rigidity and an inability to deal with her hostility. During one such episode, Eve White appeared tigpen relax into a sleepy state.
The voice and language structure were also very different, and to the therapist it appeared to be an entirely different woman.
During the interview, Eve White who was normally very self-controlled became distressed and asked whether hearing an occasional imaginary voice made her insane. Both personalities were given a series of psychometric i. This consisted of interviews with the patient and her family, hypnosis, observation, EEG tests and a number of psychometric and projective tests including, memory pfrsonality, ink blot tests and intelligence tests. It contained an in-depth picture producing rich qualitative data e.
The therapists used hypnosis oof the amnesia was cleared.
A case of multiple personality.
They also asked independent experts to give a variety of tests including an EEG test, psychometric tests and projective tests. The close relationship between researcher and participant may introduce bias. Eve Black told the therapists about a number of incidents in childhood where she engaged in acts of mischief or disobedience, which Eve White was unaware of cass was punished for. Case studies are particularly useful in revealing the origins of abnormal behaviour.
However, the diagnosis of MPD is very unreliable.
Rorschach and drawings of human figures by an independent expert with the following persona,ity It is an example of a neurotic disorder. It became easier for the therapist to call up whichever personality he wanted to examine, and childhood experiences were investigated under hypnosis. I t was possible to make a clear distinction between the readings of Eve Black and the other two personalities.
She also seemed to have a very different physical presence in terms of manner, gestures, and eye movements.
She recalled a total of 22 and suggested that thkgpen fragmentation of her personality had been to protect herself from things she could not bear. Schizophrenia is a type of psychosis where contact with reality and insight are impaired. The aim of this article was to provide an account of the psychotherapeutic treatment of a year-old woman who was referred to Thigpen and Cleckley because of ‘severe and blinding headaches’.
She believed that fragmentation of her personality had been to protect herself from things she could not bear.
Thigpen & Cleckley – A Case of Multiple Personality Flashcards Preview
Thigpen and Cleckley also involved Eve’s relatives to help verify certain recollections, and to add information, and in this way throw light on the case.
Similarly, after a few hypnotic sessions the therapists could request Eve Black to let them speak to Eve White. Thigpen and Cleckley were convinced that they had witnessed an example of multiple personality. Firstly it could be considered whether Eve White was treated more of a subject than a patient. Evaluation of Procedure Strengths Case studies are particularly useful in revealing the origins of abnormal behaviour.
She reported that she had on several occasions over the last few months briefly heard a voice addressing her. Eve White had a superior memory function than Eve Black Rorschach test ink blot test and drawings of human figures results: The profile of Eve Black was far healthier than Eve White. The data may therefore be unreliable. The other personality, they argued, was more responsible than Eve Black and more confident and interesting than Eve White.
Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 49, Interestingly, women are more likely to be diagnosed than men. When asked her name she immediately replied that she was Eve Black. A case of multiple personality. After more sessions they found that hypnosis was no longer needed for obtaining the changes.