068 PANDU 01 15 PDF

NEERUKONDA RAVI. RAMA RAO. T. SECOND .. MED. NAME: SECOND YEAR. THIRD YEAR. 01 — NAGANABOYINA PANDU RANGA. S. Pandurangam, D. Pandya, P. Pankratov, A. K. ,01 1 Pankratov, A. V. Pankratov, B Panov, K. 15 17 Papapetrou, . 28, MH/SAY01, KALU MAHADU MENGAL, CENTRAL . 63, MH/SAY01, TANHAJI PANDU PATHAVE, STATE BANK OF.

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Several kings, most notably Vasabha and Mahasenabuilt large reservoirs and canals, which 115 a vast and complex irrigation network in the Rajarata area throughout the Anuradhapura period.

All buildings have been adorned with elaborate carvings and sculptures and were supported by large stone columns. After ruling the country for 22 years, they were defeated by Asela — BCwho was in turn overthrown by another invasion led by a Chola prince named Ellalan — BC.

The Mahavamsa records that Jetthatissa II — was himself skilled in stone and ivory carving. Mahavihara was established immediately after the introduction of Buddhism to the country. Construction of large scale reservoirs began in the 1st century AD under the direction of Vasabha.

These constructions are an indication of the advanced technical and engineering skills used to create them. Nuwara wewa and Tissa Wewa reservoirs were constructed a century later. These eventually became circular in shape, which were in turn followed by die struck coins. During the reign of Valagamba, the Pali Tripitaka was written in palm leaves. The king was the final judge in legal disputes, and all cases against members of the royal family and high dignitaries of the state were judged by him.

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The Mahavamsa records that many other rulers constructed a number of irrigation tanks, some of which have not yet been identified.

The economy of the Anuradhapura Kingdom was based mainly on agriculture. This facilitated easy control of the water supply to the fields and also supported maintenance of domestic gardens for fruit and vegetable production.

Metalwork was an important and well-developed craft, and metal tools such as axes, mammoties and hoes were widely 001. However, he too accommodated Theravada teachings after the population rebelled against him.

During the reign of Kithsirimevan —Sudatta, the sub king of Kalingaand Hemamala brought the Tooth Relic of the Buddha to Sri Lanka because of unrest in their country. Some suggest that they are apsaras celestial nymphs[] others suggest that they are the ladies of the king’s court or even a representation of lightning and rain clouds.

King Pandukabhaya, the founder and first ruler of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, fixed village boundaries in the pwndu and established an administration system by appointing village headmen.

It further mentions that his army rose against him due to lack of wages. These were assigned for guarding the capital and the royal palace. The Rulers of Sri Lanka. Royal officials were divided into three categories; pqndu attached to the palace, officials of central administration and officials of provincial administration. After the introduction of Buddhism to Sri Lanka during the reign of Devanampiya Tissa, it spread throughout the country under his patronage.

All the reservoirs and canals in an area were interconnected by an intricate network, so that excess water from one will flow into the other. The administration of taxes was the duty of Badagarikathe king’s treasurer.

Anuradhapura Kingdom

Specific laws were eventually developed and adopted. After this, his retinue established villages and colonies throughout the country. Retrieved 17 July It did not restrict itself to Theravada and accepted Mahayana and Tantric ideas as well. Two different techniques were used in construction; one method involved making an embankment using natural rock formations across a valley and the other involved diverting water courses through constructed canals to reservoirs.

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The Jetavana stupa, constructed by Mahasen, is the largest in the country. ;andu layout of the tank, settlements and paddy fields in a traditional dry zone village. Founded by King Pandukabhaya in BC, the kingdom’s authority extended throughout the country, although several independent areas emerged from time to time, which grew more numerous 155 the end of the kingdom.

Little evidence exists on the Jetavana fraternity which was established after the Jetavanaramaya was built, later than the other two.

Anuradhapura Kingdom – Wikipedia

Social History of Early Ceylon. The kingdom was often divided into sections or provinces and governed separately. Officials called ratiya or ratika were in charge of these. South Indian mercenaries were often employed in the armies of the Anuradhapura Kingdom during its latter stages.

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Gramin (PMAY-G)

The kingdom was under the rule of a king. The earliest Buddha statues belonging to the Anuradhapura period date back to the 1st century AD. He has written several books on the country and its history.